BackgroundJim Baen of Baen Books had been telling me for
some time that he would like to see some titles of mine on his list. This was
The Many Worlds Interpretation of quantum mechanics is a godsend
to s.f. writers looking for a theoretical basis to build an alternative-world
story on. I used it myself for The Proteus
Operation. But it was David Deutsch, a quantum physicist at Oxford University,
who persuaded me that the MWI was actually real.
We met for dinner one night in London, introduced by a mutual
friend, and the conversation soon got around to Many Worlds. Where the MWI made
sense, and all the other interpretations that physicists had been arguing about
for the best part of a century didn't, was explaining those paradoxes that we
see in all the textbooks, where, for example, a basic particle like a photon
or electron appears to achieve the impossible feat of interfering with itself.
According to David, what the particle was actually interfering with was not
itself, in "the" universe, but its counterpart in one of innumerable
adjacent universes. And in similar fashion, all of the comparable "paradoxes"
rapidly unraveled. [An interesting follow-up to this was that within about two
weeks, as coincidence would have it, I received through the mail a copy of a
survey that another physicist in Pittsburgh had conducted of somewhere around
a hundred leading names in the field, asking them, essentially, "Do you
believe that the Many Worlds Interpretation is correct?" 65% responded
yes, absolutely, it's the only way to explain what's going on. (Some added in
a whisper, "But we don't say so publicly.") 13% said maybe, while
the remainder were negative. A staggering consensus, it seemed to me, on something
so superficially bizarre and counterintuitive.]
What this says is that nearby universes interfere with each
other at the quantum level. In other words, information can leak between them.
It suggested a whole new realm of possibility in the treatment of parallel universes.
Instead of somehow transporting somebody into some other reality that our theory
tells us might exist (e.g., The Proteus Operation), or simply postulating
that it does and using that as the grounds for an alternate-reality setting,
we can play with the question of information percolating through. Perhaps, for
example, the abilities that set humans apart as a creative species--such faculties
as intuition, anticipation, imagination, visualization--stem from a unique ability
of the human nervous system to extract and "decode" such signals.
(Not so far- fetched, really. If apparatus as crude as bits of glass and metal
can make quantum events observable macroscopically, why not a neural quantum-change
detector--every nerve ending in the retina detects photons--coupled to a cerebral
amplifying mechanism capable of delivering intelligible results to consciousness?)
Or suppose that, for example in the course of experiments involving
a technology that explores this new extension of physics, the flow of perceptions
being experienced by an individual were not coming from his own body receiving
impressions in this reality at all, but diverted from a counterpart personality
in a nearby but different reality. In that event, as the subject "tuned
into" other versions of himself progressively "farther away,"
he would have the curious experience of finding himself among people who disagreed
more and more about what the past was.
Eventually, as the process becomes better understood, we achieve
the capability of experiencing, through distant other "selves," totally
different realities with circumstances unlike anything we imagined, each the
result of history following a different course.
Suppose that our own reality were a pretty dismal affair, and
we stumbled on one that was a lot more appealing. Would we be able to migrate
there permanently somehow? If so, what would happen to the personalities that
occupy the versions of ourselves who dwell there naturally? Would we have become
the "monsters" from some other realm who move in and take people over?