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March 6, 1999

Lunar Disturbances In Recent Times?

"Anomalies" Explained, Maybe

I’ve posted several items in the past describing why I think Velikovsky’s theories of major terrestrial catastrophes occurring in recent times were on the right track, and have been woefully misrepresented by the media and the scientific orthodoxy. A lot of people have been in touch on this, and one of the points that has arisen is that a planet-size object passing close enough to cause the kind of havoc described (pole shift; climatic changes; geological upheavals, mass extinctions) would also have left its mark, surely, on a nearby body such as the Moon. Well, it turns out that just about all the things that have been labeled "anomalous," "puzzling," "surprising," both from the Apollo era and before, start to make sense when interpreted in terms of a recent origin for many of the Moon’s features, instead of the billions of years insisted upon conventionally.

Some examples:

  • The circular maria—Orientale, Imbrium, Serenitatis, Crisium, Smythii, Tsiolkovsky—form a belt of lava plains lying practically on a great circle arc across the lunar nearside. Indicative of widespread tidal melting by a close-passing massive body.
  • Systems of great surface fractures tending WSW to ENE suggest a pole shift and interruption of rotation of the outer crust. (Interestingly, Earth too shows a similar structure with the same general trend.)
  • Regolith grain size increases progressively from fine at surface, becoming steadily larger with depth. Consistent with settling after tidal melting, but not compatible with the sudden transition from bedrock to regolith expected from impact-dominant theories.
  • "Mascons"—concentrations of dense mass below the maria—consistent with the suggestion of denser mantle material being pulled upward into the molten region above. From the measured thermal gradient and the consequent softening of rock with depth, such gravitational anomalies cannot be billions of years old but should have disappeared within a million years at most.
  • Lunar bulge. The geometric center is displaced 2 kilometers from the center of mass in the direction of the Earth. Again, such a distortion cannot have persisted for billions of years. Absence of any large crater on the farside rules against its being caused by a major impact event.
  • Deep-focus moonquakes, again localized along nearside belts, coinciding with the maria, the bulge, and the mascons. Such discontinuities at the depths indicated could only exist if they were generated recently.
  • Hemispheric dichotomy (preponderance on one side) and distribution of lunar craters is consistent with the suggestion that upswelling of tidally induced bubbling played a greater role in crater formation than conventional theories (which ascribe most cratering to impacts) allow. This notion supported by the existence of over 400 domes—the remains of uplifted bubbles that have not collapsed.
  • Under the measured thermal cycling and meteorite erosion, the crater pits observed couldn’t have lasted billions of years. For such structures as basin walls to resist flowing under gravitational and heat stress for such periods would require them to be 100,000 to 100,000,000 times more rigid than the strongest rocks on Earth. Even more remarkable since the Moon generates one-third more heat per unit volume than does Earth.
  • Absence of the deep dust mix that would be expected from 4 billion years of meteorite erosion. Only the top few centimeters shows a churned, mixed consistency, below which the rocks take on a graded, layered structure, consistent with having cooled from a molten state from the surface down.
  • Remnant magnetism of deeper, crystalline rocks shows that they solidified in the presence of a field that cannot be attributed to the Earth, Sun, or the Moon itself. Indication is that they were magnetized externally, not internally.

The extracts are from an article "Moon in Upheaval" by Charles Ginenthal, which appeared in his journal The Velikovskian, Vol. 1, No. 1, 1993. He told me when I checked that these questions remain essentially unanswered by the orthodoxy today.

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